Making many synthetic seismic models in Python

In this short post I show how to adapt Agile Scientific‘s Python tutorial x lines of code, Wedge model and adapt it to make 100 synthetic models in one shot: X  impedance models times X wavelets times X random noise fields (with I vertical fault).

You can download the notebook with the full code from GitHubN.B. the code is optimized for Python 2.7.

I begin by making a 6-layer model, shown in Figure 1:

model = numpy.zeros((50,49), 
model[8:16,:] = 1
model[16:24,:] = 2
model[24:32,:] = 3
model[32:40,:] = 4
model[40:,:] = 5

Figure 1. Initial 6-layer model

next I make some Vp-rho pairs (rock 0, rock 1, … , rock5):

rocks = numpy.array([[2700, 2750],  # Vp, rho
                  [2400, 2450],
                  [2600, 2650], 
                  [2400, 2450],
                  [2800, 3000], 
                  [3100, 3200],])

and then create 10 slightly different variations of the Vp-rho pairs one of which are is shown in Figure 2:

rnd = numpy.random.rand(10,6,2)*0.2
manyrocks = np.array([rocks + rocks*rn for rn in rnd],
earth = manyrocks[model]

Figure 2. A Vp-rho pair (earth model)

at which point I can combine Vp-rho pairs to make 10 impedance models, then insert a vertical fault with:

impedances = [np.apply_along_axis(np.product, -1, e).astype(float) for e in earth]# Python 2
faulted = copy.deepcopy(impedances)
for r, i in zip(faulted, np.arange(len(faulted))):
    temp = np.array(r)
    rolled = np.roll(np.array(r[:,:24]), 4, axis = 0)

Figure 3. Four faulted impedance models.

next I calculate reflection coefficients (Figure 4)and convolve them with a list of 10 Ricker wavelets (generated using Agile’s Bruges) to make synthetic seismic models, shown in Figure 5.

rc =  [(flt[1:,:] - flt[:-1,:]) / (flt[1:,:] + flt[:-1,:]) for flt in faulted]
ws = [bruges.filters.ricker(duration=0.098, dt=0.002, f=fr) 
      for fr in [35, 40, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80]]
synth = np.array([np.apply_along_axis(lambda t: np.convolve(t, w, mode='same'), axis=0,
      arr=r) for r in rc for w in ws ])

Figure 4. Four reflection coefficients series.

Figure 5. Four synthetic seismic models with vertical fault.

The last bit is the addition of noise, with the result is shown in Figure 6:

blurred = sp.ndimage.gaussian_filter(synth, sigma=1.1)
noisy = blurred + 0.5 * blurred.std() * np.random.random(blurred.shape)

Figure 6. Four synthetic seismic models with vertical fault and noise.


The notebook with the full code is on GitHub, let me know if you find this useful or if you come up with more modeling ideas.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s